Drug addiction treatment is meant to help people who suffer from a substance abuse disease. It is intended to stop compulsive drug use. Treatment can vary in settings, forms, and lengths. Since drug addiction is classified as a chronic disorder, occasional relapses are common. Drug treatments take time and are not a “quick fix.” It is a long-term process that requires a lot of work and dedication.
Types of Drug Treatment
There are many options that are successful in treating drug addictions.
This type of therapy includes a variety of programs. They mostly include some kind of group and individual counseling. Behavioral counseling often includes:
- CBT – cognitive behavioral therapy, which helps a person recognize, avoid, and cope with triggering situations that could lead to drug use.
- Family therapy – commonly used for adolescents with drug problems, which addresses the influences of their drug use patterns and can improve family functioning.
- Contingency management – uses positive reinforcement to encourage avoidance of drug use
Medication & Devices
Medications and medical devices can be used to treat withdrawal symptoms, relapse occurrence, and co-existing conditions.
- Withdrawal – Medication is primarily used during the detoxification process. In 2017, the FDA approved an electronic stimulation device to help reduce opioid withdrawal symptoms. It send electrical pulses to stimulate brain nerves
- Relapse Prevention: Medication can be used to re-establish normal brain function and decrease cravings. They are available for opioid, tobacco, and alcohol addiction.
Tailored treatment programs and follow-up options during recovery are crucial to success. Treatment should include emotional, mental, and physical services, to create a comprehensive and well-rounded treatment program.